A competence analysis was performed at the beginning of the FireShepherds project in order to understand the necessary competences that a young shepherds should work on in order to develop its business in the XXIst century context.
The analysis was done in two steps:
- Capacity to design a prescribed grazing plan: grazing for specific objectives
- Knowledge of traditional grazing methods.
- Willingness to learn and exchange experiences.
- Cooperation capacity with other stakeholders.
- Knowledge of the social and environmental function (not only productive) of grazing (biodiversity, landscape, fires, public use ...)
- Receptivity to new experiences, techniques and practices.
- Open, innovative and positive mindset.
- Interpretation of the nutritional wealth available in different plant communities and times of the year.
- Ability to assess the food intake of strategic areas for fire prevention and calculate the need for extra food intake.
- Technical knowledge for the design and construction of useful infrastructures for silvopastoralism (fixed and mobile fences, water points, etc.).
It should be noted that, although the most important competences were considered a topic directly related to silvopastoralism and fire risk management, within the TOP10 competences we find other groups of important competences, such as Technoscientific Competences and Personal Competences. As we expected, a diverse set of skills are needed to become a shepherd with appropriate skills to contribute efficiently to the management of fire risk and know how to adapt to this new socio-environmental reality. The personal competencies that are among the TOP10 are those related to open-minded profiles and prepared to introduce challenges on their farms.